FM 3-21.38 PDF

FM FAA P. FM INSTRUCTIONAL INTENT: TO FAMILIARIZE THE PROSPECTIVE PATHFINDER. STUDENT WITH THE BASIC. provide extensive information about FM ( ). Field Manual FM Pathfinder Operations April US Army [United States Government US Army] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Tactical Instrument Flights Good PZs and LZs allow for helicopter insertion or extraction without exposing the unit or aircraft to unnecessary risks.

Other considerations when selecting PZs and LZs include: All other planning is conducted in a backward manner from it. Landing Site Operations Helicopters with skids as landing gear may not land, but must terminate at a hover. Chalk leaders arrange their chalk considering the last one to load the aircraft is the first one off. It is based on the type of helicopter used, configuration of the helicopter, temperature, altitude of the PZ or LZ, humidity, and fuel load.

Phrases and Terms Section II. Each chalk must have a chalk leader who ensures that every man in his chalk gets on and off the helicopter, that everything is ready to load, and that everything gets loaded and unloaded correctly.

A CH requires a touchdown point of 80 meters in diameter without sling load, and meters with sling load.


The five plans tie together in this way:. Army Field Manual Estimation of Drop Zone Time Requirement There is precise intelligence on enemy dispositions.

The second lift is completed when all aircraft place their second load on the LZ. Helicopters should not land on a landing point that includes obstacles. Other helicopter capabilities include—.

Land away from the objective outside of enemy small arms range when…. Submit your question and AskTOP! Selection of Landing Sites The manual includes an extensive glossary of acronyms and terminology peculiar to air assault operations, pathfinder operations, and Army-Air Force air traffic control.

When the slope is less than 7 percent 4 degreeshelicopters may land in any direction. Simply fill out this form, and we’ll get back to you as soon as we can. Have you been confronted by an ethical dilemma? Do you have a question about Army regulation? Hookup and Release Procedures Troops available Conditions are not set. Need an outside opinion and don’t know where to turn?

FM 3-21.38: Pathfinder Operations

Use an obstacle ratio of Obstructions for example, rocks, stumps, and holes that cannot be removed must be clearly marked. Drop Zone Support Team A helicopter needs meters of horizontal clearance from a meter tree for takeoff or landing.

There is precise intelligence on terrain especially LZs and weather, and there are suitable LZs on the objective. Units are placed on or near the objective to immediately seize the objective. Time is critical to secure the objective. There are cm ways to mark a PZ or LZ at night. Convenience of landing considerations is subordinate to putting units on the ground where they can fight.

There are many factors that leaders must consider when choosing appropriate LZs and PZs.

FM 3-21.38 Pathfinder Operations

Regardless of the landing plan used, the Infantry platoon must land ready to fight. Avatars by Sterling Adventures. Other helicopter limitations include: